Hybrid warfare & theory

Contenido del artículo principal

Håkan Ulf Gunneriusson
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9999-3553

Resumen

Las amenazas híbridas utilizan medios convencionales y no convencionales para lograr sus objetivos. Este documento explora la ciberamenaza como un posible aspecto de las amenazas híbridas. También se analizan los antecedentes del término guerra híbrida, cómo surgió y viajó a medida que las situaciones empíricas evolucionaron y necesitaron nuevas definiciones. Rusia apunta a lograr esto aplicando una combinación holística de medios militares, políticos y económicos para debilitar a Occidente y fortalecer su propio papel como actor global (con "Occidente", para simplificar, me refiero a los estados que constituyen la UE y la OTAN, pero es más un enfoque cultural que organizativo). El enfoque ruso se basa en una estrategia de control reflexivo que, como tal, es un método antiguo, pero el resultado de la aplicación de este enfoque da como resultado una guerra híbrida que, como tal, es un nuevo concepto emergente de lucha bélica. Este breve artículo analiza un aspecto particular de esta estrategia rusa, a saber, el uso de Guerra Híbrida, o no lineal, contra sus vecinos directos occidentales en particular y Occidente en general. La arena cibernética es muy importante en esta práctica. El ataque de esta situación armada es que la confianza en Occidente. Principalmente la UE (Unión Europea) y la OTAN (Organización del Tratado del Atlántico Norte), se erosiona cada día que estos países desafían el sistema internacional que las democracias occidentales dicen que presentan y defienden. Esto es parte de lo que puede describirse como un ejemplo de control reflexivo, ejercido por Rusia.

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Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Gunneriusson, H. (2021). Hybrid warfare & theory. Revista ICONO14 Revista Científica De Comunicación Y Tecnologías Emergentes, 19(1), 15-37. https://doi.org/10.7195/ri14.v19i1.1608
Sección
MONOGRÁFICO
Biografía del autor

Håkan Ulf Gunneriusson, Mid Sweden University Risk and Crisis Research Center, Mid Sweden University

Håkan Gunneriusson, Profesor Adjunto de Estudios de Guerra en la Universidad Sueca de la Defensa. PfP residente en el NATO Defence College de Roma, 2018. Profesor Titular de Ciencia Política en Mid-Sweden University, 2019-2020.

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